Users' questions

How did the First Fleet effect Australia?

How did the First Fleet effect Australia?

What effect did the First Fleet have on Australia’s first peoples? The arrival of the First Fleet immediately affected the Eora nation, the traditional Aboriginal owners of the Sydney area. Thousands of Eora people died as a result of European diseases like smallpox.

What are some interesting facts about the ships of the First Fleet?

The First Fleet was comprised of 11 ships. The ships were carrying convict transports, officers, free people, and supplies for the future penal colony in Australia. There were about 1,000-1,500 convicts on board who had been accused of many different crimes.

Why was the First Fleet important to Australia?

The First Fleet carried the first white settlers to Australia. Before 1787 convicts from England had been sent to British colonies in North America. The First Fleet was the first group of ships to carry convicts to the British colony in Australia.

What problems did the First Fleet face?

It had poor soil, insufficient freshwater supplies, and was exposed to strong southerly and easterly winds. With all the cargo and 1,400 starving convicts still anchored in Botany Bay, Phillip and a small party, including Hunter, quickly set off in three boats to find an alternative place to settle.

What did the aboriginals call Australia?

The nations of Indigenous Australia were, and are, as separate as the nations of Europe or Africa. The Aboriginal English words ‘blackfella’ and ‘whitefella’ are used by Indigenous Australian people all over the country — some communities also use ‘yellafella’ and ‘coloured’.

How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?

During attacks more than 30 Aboriginal people were killed, but unofficial estimates, for example by the the National Museum of Australia, put the number at more than 60, and Aboriginal people estimate 170 were killed.

How many died on the First Fleet?

The eleven ships which arrived on 26 January 1788 are known as the First Fleet. They carried around 1400 convicts, soldiers and free people. The journey from England to Australia took 252 days and there were around 48 deaths on the voyage.

How many babies were born on the First Fleet?

Convict transport It is estimated there were about 50 children on the First Fleet when it arrived at Botany Bay. Over 20 children were born at sea during the eight-month voyage.

How long was the first fleet journey?

252 days
The First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 20 January 1788. Leaving Portsmouth, England, on 13 May, the First Fleet was at sea for more than 252 days.

Was the First Fleet good or bad?

Extreme weather and wild storms had convicts aboard the First Fleet praying for their lives, according to ship logbooks and diaries. She said the First Fleet sailed from Portsmouth, England, in May 1787 with about 1400 convicts and they had a good run down the Atlantic Ocean. …

How long did it take the First Fleet to arrive in Australia?

Its purpose was to find a convict settlement on the east coast of Australia, at Botany Bay. The First Fleet sailed from England on 13 May 1787 and arrived at Botany Bay eight months later, on 18 January 1788.

Who traveled to Australia in the First Fleet?

The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787, to start the first European colony in New South Wales. It was the beginning of a plan to send thousands of prisoners to Australia to make convict settlements. The fleet was led by Captain Arthur Phillip .

How did the First Fleet get to Australia?

Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines that are now acknowledged as the Founders of Australia. This is their story.

Who was in the first Australian Fleet?

The First Fleet brought the first white settlers to Australia. There were 11 ships in the First Fleet. The soldiers and convicts were led by Captain Arthur Phillip . They arrived at Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788. In the 1770s the discovery of steam power created new industries in the cities of England.