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What is the most common cause of hypoxic cell injury?

What is the most common cause of hypoxic cell injury?

Many studies have found that hypoxia mediates cell injury and even cell death mainly through oxidative stress, inflammation, acidosis, and apoptosis. Apoptosis, as the main mechanism of regulating cell death, plays a very crucial role in hypoxia-induced cellular injury [4].

What causes hypoxic injury to cells?

Hypoxic injury results in an inadequate flow of nutrients and oxygen to the cell. If tissue perfusion continues to be insufficient, hypoxia occurs and the cell resorts to anaerobic metabolic pathways for energy production.

What causes hypoxia in head injury?

Brain hypoxia is when the brain isn’t getting enough oxygen. This can occur when someone is drowning, choking, suffocating, or in cardiac arrest. Brain injury, stroke, and carbon monoxide poisoning are other possible causes of brain hypoxia.

What are the major causes of cell injury?

Generally, stimuli that cause cellular injury include immunological reactions (hypersensitivity reaction to foreign agents, autoimmune reactions, immune deficiency), nutritional imbalances (protein calorie malnutrition, excessive intake of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins), genetic defects (inborn errors in metabolism …

What causes hypoxic brain injury and what causes it?

Hypoxic brain injury results from decreased circulating oxygen levels. These events are typically caused by respiratory failure such as pulmonary disease, suffocation, complications of anesthesia or drug use, strangulation or hanging.

Can a stroke cause anoxic or hypoxic brain injury?

Anoxic and hypoxic brain injuries are commonly associated with strokes, although strokes are not the only causes of these this type of brain damage. What Is an Anoxic Brain Injury?

Is the hypothalamus particularly vulnerable to brain injury?

The anterior hypothalamus is particularly vulnerable to injury. In fact, according to studies, almost 60% of brain injuries result in hypothalamic problems. Despite this relatively high number, hypothalamus damage is often overlooked during brain injury treatment.

Where does free radical formation occur in hypoxic brain injury?

This hypoxic state triggers free radical formation and apoptotic cell death. White matter petechial hemorrhages followed by multifocal necrosis occurs, particularly in corpus callosum, basal ganglia and hippocampus. 4,6