Popular tips

How does a cephalohematoma differ from Subgaleal hematoma?

How does a cephalohematoma differ from Subgaleal hematoma?

A subgaleal hematoma is caused by rupture of the emissary veins between the dural sinuses and scalp veins and is not bound by suture lines. Cephalohematomas generally do not pose a significant risk to the patient and resolve spontaneously. 1 Conversely, a subgaleal hematoma is a rare but more serious condition.

What is cephalic hematoma?

Cephalo- means “head” or “skull,” and a hematoma is a type of internal bleeding (usually clotted) that occurs outside of a blood vessel (1). A cephalohematoma is a clot that occurs in the area between the skull and the periosteum (the membrane that covers the skull) as a result of ruptured blood vessels (2).

How do you describe caput?

Caput succedaneum is swelling of the scalp in a newborn. It is most often brought on by pressure from the uterus or vaginal wall during a head-first (vertex) delivery.

What’s the difference between caput and cephalhematoma?

Caput Succedaneum extends across the midline and over suture lines. Cephalhematoma has clear edges that end at the suture lines. Mnemonic: caput S u C cedaneum S uture line C rosser.

How is caput succedaneum related to head molding?

Caput succedaneum results from pressure on the presenting part of the skull against the dilating cervix. It extends across the midline and over suture lines and is associated with head molding. Caput succedaneum does not usually cause any complication and usually resolves over the first few days. Management is expectant. 1.

What does Caput succedaneum mean in medical terms?

Caput succedaneum is a birth injury characterized by swelling or edema to a baby’s scalp observable shortly after delivery, as caused by pressure on a baby’s head. This swelling of the newborn scalp extends across the edematous region above the periosteum that crosses suture lines where the bony plates of the skull join together.

How can you tell if your baby has Caput succedaneum?

The most prominent symptom of caput succedaneum is puffiness under the skin of the scalp. As a result, your baby’s head might appear to be abnormally large, bulging around the affected area. Once the swelling goes down, the baby’s head resumes its normal shape.