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What is CMV esophagitis?

What is CMV esophagitis?

CMV esophagitis is the second most common gastrointestinal (GI) tract manifestation of CMV disease, the first being colitis.[2] The typical manifestation of CMV esophagitis is odynophagia and dysphagia, and finding of large ulcer or ulcers in the middle to distal esophagus.

How is CMV esophagitis treated?

The treatment of CMV esophagitis involves induction therapy for 3 to 6 weeks, but optimal duration of therapy is not clear. Maintenance treatment is controversial. In general, intravenous ganciclovir 5 mg/kg or foscarnet 90 mg/kg is recommended for induction therapy.

What is CMV in pathology?

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a double stranded DNA virus belonging to the herpesvirus group. Infection is usually seen in immunocompromised and debilitated patients in setting of transplant, use of immunosuppressive drugs, AIDS. Infection mainly occurs due to reactivation of latent infection.

What happens when your esophagus ruptures?

When you esophagus ruptures, it allows the air, food and stomach acid to leave the esophagus and this causes tremendous inflammation in the chest. Fluids also at times may collect around the lungs and this condition is called pleural effusion.

What are the symptoms of a tear in the esophagus?

Another common symptom of a tear in the esophagus is discomfort in the throat and neck region. There can be a severe neck, upper and lower back along with shoulder pain. The uneasiness is most likely to increase when the person is lying down in a flat posture. Increased heart rate with rapid breathing.

What is the measurement of the esophagus?

The esophagus is about 9-10 inches (25 centimeters) long and less than an inch (2 centimeters) in diameter when relaxed.

What is an esophagus test?

The esophagus is a tube that transfers the food that we eat to the stomach. An esophagus test is used to measure the muscle pressure, movement, coordination, and strength of the esophagus.