Users' questions

What is TCR gene?

What is TCR gene?

The T-cell receptor (TCR) is a protein complex found on the surface of T cells, or T lymphocytes, that is responsible for recognizing fragments of antigen as peptides bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules.

What does TCR recognize?

The TCR, through its CDRs, endows the T cell with the ability to recognize and respond to foreign or “non self” material. Antigen presenting cells (APCs) digest pathogens and display their fragments on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules.

What is the function of TCR?

TCR Cell Signaling Pathway. T-cells are a subset of lymphocytes that play a large role in the immune response. The TCR (T-cell receptor) is a complex of integral membrane proteins that participate in the activation of T-cells in response to an antigen.

Is TCR an antibody?

T cell receptor (TCR)-like antibodies comprise a novel family of antibodies that can recognize peptide/MHC complexes on tumor cell surfaces.

What is TCR Vbeta?

Molecular genetic T-cell receptor (TCR) and flow cytometric analysis using antibodies to conventional T-cell antigens and TCR beta-chain variable region families (TCR-Vbeta) were performed in 65 peripheral blood specimens evaluated for potential involvement by a T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (TCLPD).

Is TCR monovalent?

Using two biophysical approaches that mitigate these effects, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and two-color coincidence detection microscopy, we show that, within the uncertainty of the methods, the membrane components of the TCR triggering apparatus, i.e. the TCR complex, MHC molecules, CD4/Lck and CD45, are …

What is the difference between BCR and TCR?

The BCRs detect and bind to soluble antigens that are present freely whilst TCR only recognize antigens when displayed on Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). This is the difference between B cell receptor and T cell receptor.

What is MHC and its function?

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a group of genes that encode proteins on the cell surface that have an important role in immune response. The MHC complex on the cell surface is necessary for cell self-recognition and the prevention of the immune system targeting its own cells.

What is TCR Immunotherapy?

The TCR-engineered T cells express tumor antigen-specific receptors with α and β chains which are produced from high-quality and high-avidity antigen-specific T-cell clones. They are utilized to develop antigen-specific immunotherapy (13).

How many TCR are there?

Approximately 4 × 1011 T cells circulate in the adult human body (Jenkins et al., 2009), each with multiple T cell receptors (TCR) (Varma, 2008) on its surface.

What is TCR in T cell?

The TCR is a specific receptor and a characteristic marker on the surface of T cells. TCR-T cells are genetically engineered TCR products that can recognize specific antigens. The core goal behind TCR-T cell technology is to directly modify TCR binding to tumor antigens.

Are there any cell types that retain the TCR gene?

With rare exceptions (eg, some neoplastic B-lymphoid proliferations), other cell types retain the germline configuration of the TCR genes without rearrangement.

How are the T-cell receptor genes rearranged?

The T-cell receptor (TCR) genes (alpha, beta, delta, and gamma) are comprised of numerous, discontinuous coding segments that somatically rearrange to produce heterodimeric cell surface T-cell receptors, either alpha/beta (90%-95% of T cells) or gamma/delta (5%-10% of T cells).

What are the results of a tcgrv PCR?

An interpretive report will be provided. Results will be characterized as positive, negative, or indeterminate for a clonal T-cell population. In the appropriate clinicopathologic setting, a monoclonal result is associated with a neoplastic proliferation of T cells (see Cautions).

Why is the diversity of TCR-gene rearrangement important?

The marked diversity of somatic TCR-gene rearrangements is important for normal immune functions but also serves as a valuable marker to distinguish abnormal T-cell proliferations from reactive processes. A monoclonal expansion of a T-cell population will result in the predominance of a single TCR-gene rearrangement pattern.