# What is normal pulmonary valve peak velocity?

## What is normal pulmonary valve peak velocity?

Its maximum velocity is in the range of 0.8 -1.2 m/sec. When pulmonary pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance are high the peak will occur earlier. This can be quantified using the pulmonary velocity acceleration time (PVAT). It is the interval between the onset of flow and peak flow. The normal PVAT is > 130 msec.

What is normal aortic valve peak gradient?

Aortic Valve Peak Gradient. Normal Gradient < 2 mmHg. Mild Stenosis 2-6 mmHg. Moderate Stenosis 6-12 mmHg. Severe Stenosis >12 mmHg.

### What is pulmonary acceleration time?

Pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAAT) is a quantitative method used to study the blood flow velocity characteristics in the RV outflow tract (RVOT) in response to changes in ventricular mechanical performance and pulmonary vascular load and compliance.

How is the peak velocity of the pulmonary valve determined?

The peak velocity of the blood flowing through the pulmonary valve ( VP) is determined at the tips of the pulmonic valve cusps. This slice location is the same as for planimetry (described above). The single pixel with the highest reliable velocity is used, and pixels with excessive noise are excluded.

#### How long does it take to reach peak flow velocity?

Normally, peak flow velocity across the pulmonic valve is achieved within 140 milliseconds of systole. With pulmonary hypertension, the peak flow velocity is reached faster.

How to get a PVG by peak velocity?

How to get an PVG by Peak Velocity. Step 1: Obtain a continuous wave doppler of the pulmonary valve. The optimal view is the short axis of the aortic arch. In this view the pulmonary valve is in it’s long axis and provides the best angle to doppler the gradient’s across the valve.

## How is the ROI of the pulmonary valve determined?

This ROI comprises the central portion of the RVOT (F2). The peak velocity of the blood flowing through the pulmonary valve ( VP) is determined at the tips of the pulmonic valve cusps. This slice location is the same as for planimetry (described above).