Which regions are included in biodiversity hotspot?

Which regions are included in biodiversity hotspot?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

What are the 36 biodiversity hotspots?

List of 36 Biodiversity Hotspots

  • North and Central America. These continents play host to thousands and thousands of acres of important habitats.
  • South America.
  • Central Asia.
  • Africa.
  • Cerrado, Brazil.
  • Himalayas.
  • Polynesia-Micronesia, Southern Pacific Ocean.
  • Atlantic Forest – Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay.

What is biodiversity hotspot example?

Biodiversity hotspots are regions that are both biologically fertile (rich distribution of plants and animals) and highly threatened. Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation.

Which is the hotspot region?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.

Where are critical biodiversity hotspots located?

The Atlantic Forest in South America is another example of a biodiversity hotspot. The forest is located along the Atlantic coasts of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina.

Why is the importance of biodiversity hotspots?

Biodiversity importance – The biodiversity importance of hotspots is due to the high vulnerability of habitats and high irreplaceability of species found within large geographic regions . This means that these areas and the species present within them are both under high levels of threat and of significant global value based on their uniqueness.

Where are many critical hotspots located?

Currently, the hotspots in most critical danger are the Atlantic Forest in Brazil, the Central Forests of Eastern Africa, the Irano-Anatolian region, Madagascar, and the Mediterranean Basin, all of which have less than five percent primary vegetation left.

Where are the biology hotspots?

The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. The New Zealand archipelago is another hotspot. Life on New Zealand evolved in isolation, so the islands contain many species not found anywhere else.