What is space and Proxemics?

What is space and Proxemics?

Proxemics is the study of human use of space and the effects that population density has on behaviour, communication, and social interaction. …

What are the 5 types of space discussed in Proxemics?

Lesson Summary

  • Public space: an impersonal interaction, about 12 – 25 feet away.
  • Social space: an interpersonal interaction, about 4 – 12 feet away.
  • Personal space: close up, about 1 – 4 feet away from someone.
  • Intimate space: very close, usually within one foot and sometimes touching.

What are the 4 levels of personal space?

Broadly, the four distinct zones are: Intimate (0-2 ft.), Personal (2-4 ft), Social (4-12 ft.) and Public (more than 12 ft.). When strangers enter the wrong zone, we feel uncomfortable.

Where did the idea of proxemics come from?

Hall’s work was inspired by an animal study conducted by Swiss zoologist Heini Hediger, who found that animals maintained various boundaries depending on whether they were preparing to escape, to attack, to communicate with members of another species, or relating to a member of their own species.

When did Edward T Hall invent the term proxemics?

In 1966 anthropologist Edward T. Hall coined the term proxemics to describe the study of how people perceive the proximity of others.

How does personal space affect the human experience?

Usually hidden under the surface of consciousness, occasionally rising into awareness, personal space affects every part of human experience. In the 1950s, the director of the Zurich Zoo, Heini Hediger, saw the evolutionary roots of this behavior in his careful studies of animals. Many animals have a territory based on external landmarks.

What did Michael Graziano write about personal space?

His classification of interpersonal distance—intimate, personal, social, and public—popularised the concept of personal space. 50 years later, Michael Graziano published The Spaces Between Us (2018), summarising decades of work in monkeys and humans and setting out the neuroscientific basis for Hall’s observations.