What is hypotonic saline solution?

What is hypotonic saline solution?

Hypotonic saline (such as 0.18−0.3% NaCl with dextrose) is commonly used as maintenance fluid in the management of acute infections. To reduce the rates of adverse outcomes, use of isotonic saline as maintenance fluid has been proposed.

What are hypotonic fluids?

Hypotonic solutions have a lower concentration of dissolved solutes than blood. An example of a hypotonic IV solution is 0.45% Normal Saline (0.45% NaCl). For this reason, hypotonic fluids are used to treat cellular dehydration.

What is hypotonic solution and examples?

A hypotonic solution is a solution that has a lower concentration of solute compared to the cell. The solute is the substance present in a lower amount, and the solvent is the substance present in greater amount. A hypotonic solution example is salt water. The salt is the solute, and the water is the solvent.

What is a hypotonic and hypertonic solution?

A solution will be hypertonic to a cell if its solute concentration is higher than that inside the cell, and the solutes cannot cross the membrane. If the solute concentration outside the cell is lower than inside the cell, and the solutes cannot cross the membrane, then that solution is hypotonic to the cell.

What are some examples of hypotonic solutions?

Hypotonic Solution Hypotonic Solution Definition. A hypotonic solution is a solution that has a lower solute concentration compared to another solution. Examples of Hypotonic Solution. Large plants and fungi control the environment around their cells, helping ensure the environment is always a hypotonic solution, compared to the cells. Related Biology Terms. Quiz.

What does it mean to say a solution is hypertonic?

A hypertonic solution (pronounced “HĪ-per-TAWN-ik”) is a solution with a higher concentration of solute (dissolved substance) than some other, specified solution (and which therefore has a higher osmotic pressure than the other solution). The solution with the lower concentration is then termed hypotonic.

When would you give a hypertonic solution?

These solutions are very useful when the cells have water intoxication, when they have been in a hypotonic medium for a long time and they are swollen. Therefore, an administration of hypertonic solution causes a cellular dehydration and would be beneficial for the cell.

What does a hypotonic solution do?

Hypotonic solution: A solution that contains fewer dissolved particles (such as salt and other electrolytes) than is found in normal cells and blood. Hypotonic solutions are commonly used to give fluids intravenously to hospitalized patients in order to treat or avoid dehydration.