What is difference between Hinduism and Hindutva?

What is difference between Hinduism and Hindutva?

Hinduism is the name given to the most ancient and persistent religion on the Indian subcontinent, and Hindutva is the name by which the ideology of the Hindu right, represented by the political party Bharatiya Janata Party, or Indian People’s Party (BJP), is known.

Is Modi a Hindu?

Narendra Modi was born on 17 September 1950 to a Gujarati Hindu family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Bombay State (present-day Gujarat).

What caused the setback of Hindu religion?

Economic: historically, the most pressing cause was the economic domination and exploitation by the colonial state, resulting in chronic poverty and recurrent famines; this had already provoked widespread popular uprisings such as that of the sannyasis and peasants of Bengal (1761–1800).

Who is the founder of the Hindutva movement?

Hindutva (“Hinduness”, a word coined by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in his 1923 pamphlet entitled Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? ) is used to describe movements advocating Hindu nationalism . Grammatically, the term is a compound of the Persian word ” Hindu ” and the Sanskrit suffix “-tva” which is used to form neuter abstract nouns.

What kind of ideology is Hindutva in India?

Hindutva, often referred to as Hindu nationalism, is an extremist ideology that aims to dismantle India’s secular edifice and transform the country into a Hindu Rashtra—a majoritarian Hindu religio-nationalist state that relegates its 200 million Muslims and 30 million Christians into second-class citizens.

How is the term Hindutva used in the mainstream press?

In this report we use the term used most often in the mainstream press – Hindutva – which translates literally to Hinduness or Hinduhood.

Who are the pioneers of Hindu reformism in India?

Among the pioneers of Hindu reformism was Ram Mohan Roy, a madrasa-educated Bengali Brahmin intellectual fluent in English, Persian, and Sanskrit. Roy was by no means a Hindutva extremist. Born in 1772, he predated the phenomenon of Hindutva by a century.