Why was the 1951 Refugee Convention important?

Why was the 1951 Refugee Convention important?

The 1951 Refugee Convention was drawn up in the wake of World War II to protect Europeans, who were forced to flee their homes. A key part of the treaty makes it clear that refugees have the right not to be sent back to a country where they face threats to their life or freedom.

Who does the 1951 Convention protect?

The 1951 Convention specifies three durable solutions for refugees: to return to their own country voluntarily (“voluntary repatriation”); to integrate in the country where they find themselves (“local integration”); or to resettle in another country (“third country resettlement”).

What was the date of the 1951 Refugee Convention?

Historical archives of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 28 July 1951 and Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, New York, 31 January 1967.

What was the role of UNHCR in the 1951 Convention?

This is now considered a rule of customary international law. UNHCR serves as the ‘guardian’ of the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol. According to the legislation, States are expected to cooperate with us in ensuring that the rights of refugees are respected and protected.

Where did the refugees from Nepal go to?

The United States accommodated over 84,000 of these refugees, with the rest moving to Australia, Canada, Norway, New Zealand, Denmark, the United Kingdom and The Netherlands. The five Bhutanese refugee camps in Nepal are: Beldangi; Goldhap; Khudunabari; Sanischare; Timai; Refugees from Tibet

Who are the parties to the UN Refugee Convention?

145 Total number of States Parties to the 1967 Protocol: 146 States Parties to both the Convention and Protocol: 142 States Parties to one or both of these instruments: 148 States Parties to the 1951 Convention only: Madagascar, Saint Kitts and Nevis States Parties to the 1967 Protocol only: