What are pulses crops?

What are pulses crops?

Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops.

What is the cropping pattern of pulses?

Pulses are grown in different cropping systems such as sequential cropping, mixed and intercropping, relay cropping, catch cropping and ratoon cropping. It is a form of multiple cropping in which crops are grown in sequence on the same field, with the succeeding crop planted after harvest of the preceding crop.

What is the example of pulse crop?

Pulses include beans, lentils, and peas. For example, a pea pod is a legume, but the pea inside the pod is the pulse. The entire legume plant is often used in agricultural applications (as cover crops or in livestock feed or fertilizers), while the seeds or pulses are what typically end up on our dinner plates.

Are pulses kharif or rabi?

Though pulses are grown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons, Rabi pulses contribute more than 60 per cent of the total production.

What are the requirements of each pulse crop?

Each crop has its own requirement for inputs d environment. Each pulse crop should therefore get individual consideration for enhancing production: (ii) Crops like field pea and lentil with higher productivity should be expanded irrespective of their consumption statistics and usage.

Which is the sequential cropping system involving pulses?

The prominent sequential cropping systems involving different pulses have been discussed crop wise. With the development of wheat varieties amenable for late-planting up to late December and January, the area under rice-wheat system has increased at a faster rate in the last two decades.

Which is better inter cropping of pulses or wheat?

But inter cropping of pulses with wheat is not always profitable due to its closer spacing. Maize is cultivated both in kharif and rabi season. Generally urdbean and mungbean is sown between the rows of maize crop. This system is practiced in North India and its adjoining hilly area.

Where did the first crops of pulses come from?

The first evidence of pulses comes from 11,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent, a region in the Middle East which was home to some of the earliest human civilizations. Pulses are annual crops that yield between one and 12 grains or seeds. The term “pulses” is limited to crops harvested solely as dry grains,…