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Who destroyed the Templo Mayor?

Who destroyed the Templo Mayor?

Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325, and it was rebuilt six times. The temple was destroyed by the Spanish in 1521 to make way for the new cathedral.

Why was the Templo Mayor important?

The Templo Mayor or Great Temple (called Hueteocalli by the Aztecs) dominated the central sacred precinct of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. Topped by twin temples dedicated to the war god Huitzilopochtli and the rain god Tlaloc it was a focal point of the Aztec religion and very centre of the Aztec world.

How much does it cost to visit Templo Mayor?

You’ll find the Templo Mayor and its museum located one block northwest of the Zócalo metro station. The museum and ruins are open Tuesday to Sunday (closed Mondays) from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission costs 75 pesos (about $4) for adults and is free for children and senior citizens.

What happened at the top of the huge pyramid in Tenochtitlan?

At its top, two shrines honored Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of sun and war, and Tlaloc, god of rain and fertility. The Great Pyramid was destroyed along with the rest of the Aztec civilization by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and his army in 1521.

What language did the Aztecs speak?

Nahuatl language
Nahuatl language, Spanish náhuatl, Nahuatl also spelled Nawatl, also called Aztec, American Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken in central and western Mexico. Nahuatl, the most important of the Uto-Aztecan languages, was the language of the Aztec and Toltec civilizations of Mexico.

How was the Templo Mayor Found?

While digging near the main plaza, they found a finely carved stone monolith that displayed a dismembered and decapitated woman. This monolith led to the discovery of the Templo Mayor, the main Mexica temple located in the sacred precinct of the former Mexica capital, known as Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City).

What does the Templo Mayor symbolize?

Mexica (Aztec). 1375–1520 C.E. Stone (temple). Templo Mayor (recostruction), Tenochtitlan, 1375–1520 C.E. Paired together on the Templo Mayor, the two deities symbolized the Mexica concept of atl-tlachinolli, or burnt water, which connoted warfare—the primary way in which the Mexica acquired their power and wealth.

When was the Templo Mayor destroyed?

1521
After the Spanish Conquest in 1521, the Templo Mayor was destroyed, and what did survive remained buried. The stones were reused to build structures like the Cathedral in the newly founded capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (1521-1821).

How do you get to Templo Mayor?

The best way to get to Templo Mayor is via the Mexico City metro system. Connect to the Blue Line and alight the train at “Zocalo”. Head to the northeast corner of the capital’s principal plaza to find the entrance to Templo Mayor.

How did the Aztecs use the coyolxauhqui stone?

People offered gifts to the deity, danced and ate tamales. During the ritual, war captives who had been painted blue were killed on the sacrificial stone and then their bodies were rolled down the staircase to fall atop the Coyolxauhqui monolith to reenact the myth associated with Coatepec.

Who really built Teotihuacan?

And its origins are a mystery. It was built by hand more than a thousand years before the swooping arrival of the Nahuatl-speaking Aztec in central Mexico. But it was the Aztec, descending on the abandoned site, no doubt falling awestruck by what they saw, who gave its current name: Teotihuacan.