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What led to the Nanjing Massacre?

What led to the Nanjing Massacre?

Following a bloody victory in Shanghai during the Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese turned their attention towards Nanking. Fearful of losing them in battle, Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek ordered the removal of nearly all official Chinese troops from the city, leaving it defended by untrained auxiliary troops.

How many died in Nanking Massacre?

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East or the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal, stated the death toll of the Nanking Massacre as ranging between 200,000 and 300,000.

What happened in Nanjing?

The Nanjing Massacre, also called Rape of Nanjing (December 1937–January 1938), was the mass killing and the ravaging of Chinese citizens and capitulated soldiers by soldiers of the Japanese Imperial Army after its seizure of Nanjing, China, on December 13, 1937, during the Sino-Japanese War that preceded World War II.

What was the memorial to the victims of the Nanjing Massacre?

Solemn and imposing, the Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre consists of three parts: the outdoor exhibits, the remaining bones of the victims and the exhibition hall for historical documents. The outdoor of Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre exhibits all vividly represent grief and indignation, life and death.

Is there a monument to the Bear River massacre?

In 2008, the Shoshone Nation purchased the land and today the Bear River Massacre is commemorated by a simple stone monument. After this look at the Bear River Massacre, read up on the Wounded Knee Massacre. Then, discover more about the genocide of the Native American population.

What was the cause of the Nanking Massacre?

In late 1937, over a period of six weeks, Imperial Japanese Army forces brutally murdered hundreds of thousands of people–including both soldiers and civilians–in the Chinese city of Nanking (or Nanjing).

Why was John Irvine interested in the Bear River massacre?

Irvine found the narrative and map folded in an envelope and was intrigued because the documents referred to Bear River, which he at first took to be the Bear of Humboldt County. When he found that it was not the Northern California stream, he briefly researched the Connor expedition.