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What is paraffin immunohistochemistry?

What is paraffin immunohistochemistry?

IHC-P refers to the staining of tissues that have been fixed (usually in neutral buffered formalin) and then. embedded in paraffin before being sectioned.

Can you do immunofluorescence on paraffin-embedded sections?

This method can be performed on cultured cells (immunocytochemistry, ICC) and tissues (immunohistochemistry, IHC) (Maity et al., 2013). IHC can be applied on tissues prepared either through paraffin embedding or through cryopreservation.

Can you use the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sample in IHC staining?

An Overview of IHC Staining Procedures for Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) Tissues. Over-fixation can render the tissues unusable for IHC. Ideally, tissues for IHC should be fixed for 24-48 hours, and then transferred to 70% ethanol until processing, embedding and sectioning.

Why is paraffin embedded?

Embedding is important in preserving tissue morphology and giving the tissue support during sectioning. Some epitopes may not survive harsh fixation or embedding. When generating paraffin-embedded tissue samples, the tissue must be fixed before embedding in paraffin.

How thick are paraffin embedded section that has been cut?

Trim the block to expose the tissue surface to a level where a representative section can be cut. Trimming is normally done at a thickness of 10-30 µm. Cut sections at a thickness of about 4-5 µm (you will probably need to discard the first few sections as they are likely to contain holes caused by trimming).

Can IHC antibodies be used for if?

IHC and IF can both be used on frozen or FFPE tissues; however, you tend to get more autofluorescence with FFPE tissues, which can be an issue for IF. If an antibody works well for IHC, it should also work well for IF and vice versa.

How do you Deparaffinize tissue?

1. Deparaffinize in xylenes using three changes for 5 minutes each. Hydrate sections gradually through graded alcohols: wash in 100% ethanol twice for 10 minutes each, then 95% ethanol twice for 10 minutes each. Wash in deionized H2O for 1 minute with stirring.

Is paraffin the same as formalin?

Tissue is prepared and preserved through paraffin embedding or cryopreservation (freezing). Formalin-fixed tissues are commonly paraffin-embedding following fixation, while frozen tissue sections are fixed with alcohol following cryopreservation.

How do you fix frozen tissue?

Fix the tissue sections with a suitable fixative. One of the commonly used fixation methods for frozen tissue sections is to immerse the slides in pre-cooled acetone (-20°C) for 10 min. Pour off the fixative and allow acetone to evaporate from the tissue sections for < 20 min at room temperature.

How thick are paraffin-embedded sections that has been cut?

Trimming is normally done at a thickness of 10-30 µm. Cut sections at a thickness of about 4-5 µm (you will probably need to discard the first few sections as they are likely to contain holes caused by trimming).

Which is better paraffin or frozen tissue for IHC?

Frozen Tissue. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue can be stored long term at room temperature whereas frozen tissue can only be stored for up to one year at -80 °C. Frozen tissues can be affected by the formation of ice crystals, which can affect subcellular detail and impact IHC staining.

How are paraffin embedded sections dewaxed in IHC?

Paraffin-embedded sections are first dewaxed to replace the wax with water; this is because most staining solutions are aqueous. For more detailed information please see our IHC deparaffinization protocol. Dewaxing is usually followed by an antigen retrieval method, which unmasks antigens that have been obscured during the fixation process.

Which is the best description of the IHC paraffin protocol?

www.abcam.com/technical . IHC-PARAFFIN PROTOCOL (IHC-P) . Immunohistochemistry (or IHC) is a method for demonstrating the presence and location of proteins in tissue sections. Though less sensitive quantitatively than immunoassays such as Western blotting or ELISA, it enables the observation of processes in the context of intact tissue.

How is paraffin tissue stored for immunohistochemistry?

The paraffin tissue block can be stored at room temperature for years. Section the paraffin-embedded tissue block at 5-8 µm thickness on a microtome and float in a 40°C water bath containing distilled water. Transfer the sections onto glass slides suitable for immunohistochemistry (e.g. Superfrost Plus).