Popular tips

What is Exemplarist virtue theory?

What is Exemplarist virtue theory?

theory that what makes a good person good is not given a priori but is. determined empirically. The same point applies to what good persons do. and the states of affairs at which they aim. The theory gives an important.

What is Aristotle’s virtue theory?

Virtue ethics is a philosophy developed by Aristotle and other ancient Greeks. This character-based approach to morality assumes that we acquire virtue through practice. By practicing being honest, brave, just, generous, and so on, a person develops an honorable and moral character.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle’s virtue theory?

Aristotelian virtue is defined in Book II of the Nicomachean Ethics as a purposive disposition, lying in a mean and being determined by the right reason. As discussed above, virtue is a settled disposition. It is also a purposive disposition. A virtuous actor chooses virtuous action knowingly and for its own sake.

What does Aristotle say about morality?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

How are virtues different from other moral theories?

The virtues are valuable in a way that cannot be reduced to a single, main value. They are valuable intrinsically rather than instrumentally. Virtue ethics differs in this way from other moral theories that tend to be monistic, meaning they believe all goods can be reduced into a single value.

Are there any major objections to virtue ethics?

The final section of this paper will explore two main objections to virtue ethics as a general moral theory. First, virtue ethics is self-effacing, as Simon Keller (2004) argues, for the considerations it advances should not always serve as motives for action.

Is there a modern revival of interest in virtue ethics?

There has been a modern revival of interest in virtue ethics as a plausible moral theory. There has been dissatisfaction with the way many modern moral theories emphasize moral obligation and law at the expense, some argue, of the individual (Slote, 1997, p. 175).

Which is the best description of virtue ethics?

It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism).