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What happened in the Kronstadt rebellion?

What happened in the Kronstadt rebellion?

The Kronstadt Rebellion was an anti-Bolshevik uprising that broke out among soldiers and sailors on an island fortress, close to Petrograd. Waves of Red Army units attacked the island and the Kronstadt rebels were eventually forced to flee. Around 2,000 were captured, most of whom were executed.

What was the role of the Kronstadt sailors in the revolution?

The sailors were important allies to the Bolsheviks after the February Revolution (1917), when the Kronstadt Soviet opposed the provisional government, declared a “Kronstadt Republic,” and took part in the July 1917 mutiny. The sailors saw themselves as loyal to the Soviet cause, if not to the Communist rulers.

How many Kronstadt sailors were killed?

18 sailors
This happened during the period of the Russian civil war 1917-18 sailors in Kronstadt revolted against the whites and then were killed by the red army.

What were the demands of the soldiers at Kronstadt?

Mass meetings of 15,000 men from various ships and garrisons passed resolutions demanding immediate new elections to the Soviet by secret ballot; freedom of speech and the press for all left-wing Socialist parties; freedom of assembly for trade unions and peasant organizations; abolition of Communist political agencies …

Where was the base of the Kronstadt rebellion?

The rebellion originated in Kronstadt, a naval fortress on Kotlin Island in the Gulf of Finland that served as the base of the Russian Baltic Fleet and as a guardpost for the approaches to Petrograd, 55 kilometres away.

Who was the patron saint of Kronstadt?

The Cathedral of St. Andrew (1817–1932), patron saint of the Russian Navy, destroyed by Soviet régime in 1932. Kronstadt was founded by Peter the Great, whose Imperial Russianforces took the island of Kotlinfrom the Swedesduring the Great Northern Warin 1703.

Why did the Kronstadt sailors revolt against the Bolsheviks?

Kronstadt Uprising. It was a rude shock to the Bolsheviks when the red sailors of Kronstadt went into open rebellion in March 1921. The sailors saw themselves as loyal to the Soviet cause, if not to the Communist rulers. That bitter winter saw Kronstadt, like most other cities in Russia, hungry and discontented.

Who was the founder of Kronstadt in Russia?

Kronstadt was founded by Peter the Great, whose Imperial Russianforces took the island of Kotlinfrom the Swedesduring the Great Northern Warin 1703. The first fortifications were inaugurated on 18 May [O.S.7 May] 1704. These fortifications, known as Kronshlot [ru](Кроншлот), were constructed very quickly.