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How do you rule out tarsal tunnel syndrome?

How do you rule out tarsal tunnel syndrome?

There is no best test to diagnose tarsal tunnel syndrome, and it is a combination of history, exam, imaging, and electromyography and nerve conduction studies. Conservative therapy can be tried in most patients. If a definitive cause is identified, surgical decompression can provide good results.

How do you test for tarsal tunnel syndrome?

To diagnose tarsal tunnel syndrome, a doctor manipulates the affected foot during a physical examination. For example, tapping the injured or compressed area just below the ankle bone often causes tingling (referred to as the Tinel sign), which may extend to the heel, arch, or toes.

Which diagnostic test is recommended for tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Electrodiagnostic testing can also assist in the diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome. These tests include nerve conduction studies that assess sensory conduction velocities of the tibial nerve or one of its branches, as well as the amplitude and duration of motor-evoked potentials.

What is the best treatment for tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Nonsurgical treatment for TTS includes anti-inflammatory medications or steroid injections into the tarsal tunnel to relieve pressure and swelling. Braces, splints or other orthotic devices may help reduce pressure on the foot and limit movement that could cause compression on the nerve.

What are the signs and symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome include foot pain and weakness as well as numbness and tingling in the sole or arch of the foot.

What can I do for tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Treatment for tarsal tunnel syndrome may include rest, ice (to reduce swelling in the tunnel), NSAIDs (to help with pain and reduce inflammation) and immobilization (this may be necessary to allow the nerve and surrounding tissue to heal.) Physical therapy may be prescribed, as well.

Should I have tarsal tunnel surgery?

A tarsal tunnel syndrome surgical procedure should only be considered if all non-operative treatment options have been unsuccessful at relieving pain and other symptoms. Tarsal tunnel surgery is conducted to relieve pressure on the posterior tibial nerve and its branches.

What is the prevalence of tarsal tunnel syndrome?

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is rare, so rare in fact that there aren’t any recorded statistics on its prevalence. On the other hand, carpal tunnel syndrome affects at least 10% of those who work at a computer on a regular basis. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is thought to affect both women and men equally.