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What happens in Book 4 of the Odyssey?

What happens in Book 4 of the Odyssey?

Summary: Book 4 Helen recalls how Odysseus dressed as a beggar to infiltrate the city’s walls. Proteus also told him news of Odysseus—that he was still alive but was imprisoned by Calypso on her island. Buoyed by this report, Telemachus and Pisistratus return to Pylos to set sail for Ithaca.

Why is Penelope crying at the end of Book 4?

Penelope is distraught to learn of her son’s trip and the planned assassination but is soothed by a vision sent by Athena. Homer leaves the plot of Telemachus dangling as selected suitors board a vessel to set up the surprise attack. Menelaus’ queen is the same Helen whose abduction from Sparta caused the Trojan War.

How does Book 4 of the Odyssey end?

Odysseus held the soldiers back and saved their lives. After Menelaus finishes the story, everyone retires to different rooms and goes to sleep. Helen displays her cunning both in guessing Telemachus’s identity and in tricking the men into pleasant forgetfulness.

What are the first 4 books of the Odyssey about?

These first four books represent the education of Telemachus, through both divine and mortal means, in absence of the influence of his missing father, Odysseus. Telemachus receives de facto training and education from three mentors in the first four books of the Odyssey, those being Athena, Nestor, and Menelaus.

Who is Athena disguised as in Book 4?

Athena visited Telemachus disguised as Mentes, son of Anchialus, and the leader of the Taphians. She claimed that she was on a voyage to Temesa for purposes of trade. She further informed Telemachus that Anchialus and Odysseus, Telemachus’s father, were old friends.

What happens in Chapter 5 of the Odyssey?

Hermes, messenger of the gods, is sent to Calypso’s island to tell her that Odysseus must at last be allowed to leave so he can return home. Poseidon stirs up a storm, which nearly drags Odysseus under the sea, but the goddess Ino comes to his rescue. She gives him a veil that keeps him safe after his ship is wrecked.

Why does Penelope cry so much?

1. She’s most upset about Odysseus’s failure to return home: She’s perpetually crying and expressing her grief.

How does Athena soothe a sorrowful Penelope?

At the very end of the book Athena soothes Penelope’s worried heart. She tells her in a dream as Penelope’s sister, Iphthime, that Telemachus is okay. Athena asks Zeus to help Odysseus. Who tells Calypso that she must give up Odysseus?

Which God is helping Telemachus?

The Prince Sets Sail for Home. Athena tells Telemachus to leave Sparta and return to Ithaca. He gives refuge to Theoclymenus, a seer. Athena helps Telemachus avoid the suitors’ ambush.

Why did Penelope request to speak to the beggar?

She wanted to understand the man who might have news of her husband. Odysseus tells her that to speak of them would bring him sorrow and that his reaction would dishonor her welcome and her home. Unable to get away with avoiding answering Penelope, Odysseus makes up a story.

Why do Calypso’s maids giggle when they see Odysseus?

Why do Calypso’s maids giggle when they see Odysseus? They know Calypso will want him and he will fall under her spell. Why is Telemachus trying to string Odysseus’s bow? He wants to give it to his father and keep the suitors from stringing it.

Who is the translator of Homer the Odyssey?

HOMER THE ODYSSEY TRANSLATED BY Robert Fagles. Book I Athena Inspires the Prince. Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns … driven time and again off course, once he had plundered the hallowed heights of Troy.

Why did Athena inspire Homer to write the Odyssey?

Athena Inspires the Prince Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns … driven time and again off course, once he had plundered the hallowed heights of Troy. Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds, many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea, fighting to save his life and bring his comrades home.

How many copies of Homer’s Odyssey are there?

Homer, 750? BCE-650? BCE Public domain in the USA. 8401 downloads in the last 30 days.

Why did Menelaus grieve for Odysseus in the Odyssey?

His experience teaches him that it is better to stay home and live honorably than to seek adventure, risking death and dishonor for himself and his loved ones. He grieves for all his comrades, Menelaus says, but he grieves for Odysseus the most, because he worked the hardest but suffered the most.