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What does Sprechstimme mean in music?

What does Sprechstimme mean in music?

speech-voice
Sprechstimme, (German: “speech-voice”), in music, a cross between speaking and singing in which the tone quality of speech is heightened and lowered in pitch along melodic contours indicated in the musical notation. Sprechstimme is frequently used in 20th-century music.

Who is the best example of composition interpreted as Sprechstimme?

Pierrot Lunaire is the best example of composition interpreted as sprechstimme.

What was Arnold Schoenberg’s technique of Sprechstimme?

In Schoenberg’s musical notation, Sprechstimme is usually indicated by small crosses through the stems of the notes, or with the note head itself being a small cross. Schoenberg’s later notation (first used in his Ode to Napoleon Bonaparte, 1942) replaced the 5-line staff with a single line having no clef.

What kind of music is Pierrot lunaire?

classical
Though written in a freely atonal style, Pierrot lunaire uses a variety of classical forms and techniques, including canon, fugue, rondo, passacaglia, and free counterpoint. The instrumental combinations (including doublings) vary between most movements.

What is the meaning of sprechstimme in music?

Sprechstimme, (German: “speech-voice”), in music, a cross between speaking and singing in which the tone quality of speech is heightened and lowered in pitch along melodic contours indicated in the musical notation. Sprechstimme is frequently used in 20th-century music. Its introduction is especially associated with…

Which is the best example of Sprechgesang?

In general usage, Sprechgesang is the term for the vocal technique, Sprechstimme for the v.‐part employing it. A well‐known example of Sprechgesang is that of Rex Harrison (and his successors) as Prof. Higgins in My Fair Lady.

How many degrees of Sprechstimme does Berg notate?

Berg notates several degrees of Sprechstimme, e. g. in Wozzeck, using single-line staff for rhythmic speaking, five-line staffs with x through the note stem, and a single stroke through the stem for close-to-singing sprechstimme.

Who is the composer of the sprechgesang opera?

Where the term is employed in this way, it is usually in the context of the late Romantic German operas or “music dramas” that were composed by Richard Wagner and others in the 19th century. Thus, Sprechgesang is often merely a German alternative to recitative.