Useful tips

What are the two types of sleeping sickness?

What are the two types of sleeping sickness?

African trypanosomiasis, also known as African sleeping sickness or simply sleeping sickness, is an insect-borne parasitic infection of humans and other animals. It is caused by the species Trypanosoma brucei. Humans are infected by two types, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (TbG) and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (TbR).

Which species that can cause sleeping sickness?

African Trypanosomiasis, also known as “sleeping sickness”, is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (Glossina species), which is found only in sub-Saharan Africa.

What does sleeping sickness look like?

Fever, severe headaches, irritability, extreme fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and aching muscles and joints are common symptoms of sleeping sickness. Some people develop a skin rash. Progressive confusion, personality changes, and other neurologic problems occur after infection has invaded the central nervous system.

How do you fix sleeping sickness?

Prevention & Control

  1. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants of medium-weight material in neutral colors that blend with the background environment. Tsetse flies are attracted to bright or dark colors, and they can bite through lightweight clothing.
  2. Inspect vehicles before entering.
  3. Avoid bushes.
  4. Use insect repellent.

What causes sleeping sickness and what are the symptoms?

Sleeping sickness. Sleeping sickness, also called African trypanosomiasis, disease caused by infection with the flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or the closely related subspecies T. brucei rhodesiense, transmitted by the tsetse fly (genus Glossina ). Sleeping sickness is characterized by two stages of illness.

Can a tsetse fly give you sleeping sickness?

When an individual is bitten by a tsetse fly that is infected by a parasite known as Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, they will contract the condition known as East African sleeping sickness or West African sleeping sickness- depending on where they are when they are bitten. Tsetse flies are common only to Africa.

What are the symptoms of sleeping sickness in fish?

Blood Flagellates (Sleeping Sickness) rare Salt treatment can be used to kill leeches, but may not cure flagellates. Sluggishness, flashing, spider web lesions on skin, color loss, reddened fins, drooping fins, fin damage. Skin Flukes (Gyrodactylus) OTC medication for parasites

What kind of flies are involved in sleeping sickness?

The two subspecies most often implicated in cases of human infections are T. brucei gambiense and T. brucei rhodesiense. In order to infect a host like a human or a cow, the pathogen requires a vector in the form of a tsetse fly.