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Is root gravitropism negative?

Is root gravitropism negative?

Root tip is capable of sensing and adjusting its growth direction in response to gravity, a phenomenon known as root gravitropism. Pharmacological and genetic studies show that the negative root gravitropic response of the ngr mutants depends on polar auxin transport in the root elongation zone.

What is root gravitropism?

Root Gravitropism Involves a Complex Tip-Curvature Response When roots are accidentally or experimentally reoriented within the gravity field, they undergo a tip-curvature response that ultimately results in a resumption of tip growth along its GSPA (Figure 1B).

How does auxin mediate the gravitropic response of roots & shoots?

Plant shoots typically grow against the gravity vector to access light, whereas roots grow downward into the soil to take up water and nutrients. Consequently, auxin accumulates in the lower half of the root, triggering bending of the root tip at the elongation zone.

How auxin are redistributed during gravitropism?

Gravity profoundly influences plant growth and development. Plants respond to changes in orientation by using gravitropic responses to modify their growth. Our multidisciplinary approach revealed that auxin is rapidly redistributed to the lower side of the root within minutes of a 90° gravity stimulus.

Why is root tip important to root gravitropism?

Logged in as READCUBE_USER . Log out of ReadCube . Root tip is capable of sensing and adjusting its growth direction in response to gravity, a phenomenon known as root gravitropism. Previously, we have shown that negative gravitropic response of roots ( NGR) is essential for the positive gravitropic response of roots.

Why are roots a good model for gravity sensing?

Roots are a good model to investigate the molecular mechanisms that govern gravitropism, because many experiments have demonstrated a physical separation between the primary site of gravity sensing (the root cap) and the region of curvature response (the elongation zone; Figure 2 ).

What are the steps in the gravitropism process?

Gravitropism is a complex process that involves several steps: gravity sensing and signal transduction within the statocytes; signal translocation to the responding zone; and curvature response, allowing resumed growth along a predefined GSA ( Figure 1 ).

Where does the gravitropic curvature of the root occur?

The gravitropic curvature (B and C) occurs at the distal side of the elongation zone. Figure 3. Gravisensing promotes amyloplast sedimentation, cytoplasmic alkalinization, and a polarization of PIN auxin efflux carriers within the statocytes.