Users' questions

What fungi is used in bioremediation?

What fungi is used in bioremediation?

Majority of the studies have demonstrated the bioremediation potential of white-rot fungi; Phanerochaete chysosporium, Trametes versicolor, Bjerkandera adjusta and Pleurotus sp., by virtue of producing different ligninolytic enzymes such as laccases and peroxidases [19].

Why fungi can be more potent than bacteria in bioremediation strategies?

The activity of fungi is mainly due to the action of extracellular oxidoreductase enzymes, like laccase, manganese peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase, which are released from fungal mycelium into their nearby environment. Being filamentous, fungi can reach the soil pollutants more effectively than bacteria [14].

Why fungi are considered as one of the best candidate for bioremediation?

Fungi are among the potential candidates of bioremediation as they are natural decomposers of waste matter and secrete several extracellular enzymes capable of decomposing lignin and cellulose, the two essential components of plant fiber.

How bioremediation has been used?

Bioremediation has been successfully used to to clean up pollutants including crude oil, gasoline, pesticides, sewage, and chlorinated solvents used in cleaning supplies. The benefits of bioremediation include lower costs and less disruption of the contaminated environment when compared to other clean up methods.

What is the structure of a fungus?

Structure of fungi. The main body of most fungi is made up of fine, branching, usually colourless threads called hyphae. Each fungus will have vast numbers of these hyphae, all intertwining to make up a tangled web called the mycelium.

What is fungal reproduction?

Reproduction. Fungi reproduce sexually and/or asexually. Perfect fungi reproduce both sexually and asexually, while imperfect fungi reproduce only asexually (by mitosis). In both sexual and asexual reproduction, fungi produce spores that disperse from the parent organism by either floating on the wind or hitching a ride on an animal.