Users' questions

What did Maria the Jewess discover?

What did Maria the Jewess discover?

She is credited with the invention of several kinds of chemical apparatus and is considered to be the first true alchemist of the Western world.

Who was Mary the Jewess and what did she do?

She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. Mary the Jewess (around 0-200 CE) was the first known alchemist in history. She lived in Eygpt and invented processes and apparatuses that were used for centuries after that. Her story became something of a legend in later Arabic and Christian writings.

Where was Mary the Jewess from?

Alexandria, Egypt
Mary the Jewess/Place of birth

Who is the greatest alchemist?

Here are some of the most famous alchemists of all time and their scientific achievements.

  • Zosimos of Panopolis (late third century AD)
  • Maria the Jewess (between first and third century AD)
  • Jean Baptista Van Helmont (1580-1644)
  • Ge Hong (283-343 AD)
  • Isaac Newton (1643-1727)
  • Paracelsus (1493-1541)

What did Maria the Jewess say about copper?

Maria the Jewess is also known for coining other alchemical sayings beyond her axiom, such as: “Just as a man is composed of four elements, likewise is copper; and just as a man results from the association of liquids, of solids, and of the spirit, so does copper.”

What was the axiom of Maria the Jewess?

The following was known as the Axiom of Maria: One becomes two, two becomes three, and out of the third comes the one as the fourth. Marie-Louise von Franz, an associate of psychologist Carl Jung, gives an alternative version: Out of the One comes Two, out of Two comes Three, and from the Third comes the One as the Fourth.

Engraving depicting Maria Prophetissima from Michael Maier ‘s book Symbola Aurea Mensae Duodecim Nationum (1617). Mary or Maria the Jewess ( Latin: Maria Hebraea ), also known as Mary the Prophetess ( Latin: Maria Prophetissima ), is an early alchemist who is known from the works of the Gnostic Christian writer Zosimos of Panopolis.

What kind of acid did Mary the Jewess discover?

Mary is said to have discovered hydrochloric acid, though this is not accepted by most science texts. Mary, along with Agathodaimon, Pseudo-Democritus, and Hermes Trismegistus, was mentioned by Zosimos of Panopolis in his descriptions of certain devices, such as the tribikos, the kerotakis, and the bain-marie.