Who was Sultan Jalal ud Din Khawarizmi?

Who was Sultan Jalal ud Din Khawarizmi?

Jalal al-Din Mangburni (Persian: جلال الدین مِنکُبِرنی‎), also known as Jalal al-Din Khwarazmshah (جلال‌الدین خوارزمشاه) was the last Khwarazmshah of the Anushtegin line, ruling parts of Iran and northwestern India from 1220 to 1231. He was the son and successor of Ala ad-Din Muhammad II.

Which present day country is Jalal ad?

Mevlana Jalal ad-Din Rumi was born in 30 September 1207 in the city of Balkh in present-day Afghanistan.

What was Rumi’s real last name?

Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī
Rumi/Full name

What was Rumi religion?

Rumi is often described as the best-selling poet in the United States. He is typically referred to as a mystic, a saint, a Sufi, an enlightened man. Curiously, however, although he was a lifelong scholar of the Koran and Islam, he is less frequently described as a Muslim.

When did Jalal al Din first appear in history?

Jalal al-Din first appears in historical records in 1215, when Muhammad II divided his empire amongst his sons, giving the southwestern part (part of the former Ghurid Empire) to Jalal al-Din. Jalal al-Din Khwarazm-Shah crossing the rapid Indus River, escaping Genghis Khan and the Mongol army.

When was Jalal ad Din defeated by Akhlat?

Jalal ad-Din moved against Akhlat again in 1229. However he was defeated in this campaign by Sultan Kayqubad I at Erzincan on the Upper Euphrates at the Battle of Yassıçemen in 1230, from whence he escaped to Diyarbakir.

How did Jalal ad Din Mingburnu come to power?

A few days later, Muhammad died and Jalal ad-Din was proclaimed a Khwarazmshah. Following the defeat of his father, Ala ad-Din Muhammad II by Genghis Khan in 1220, Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu came to power and retreated with the remaining Khwarazm forces, while pursued by a Mongol army and at the battle of Parwan, north of Kabul, defeated the Mongols.

Why did Muhammad appoint Jalal ad Din as his heir?

Legend has it that Muhammad, who fled to the Caspian Sea, being terminally ill, gathered his sons: Jalal ad-Din, Aqshah, and Uzlagh Khan and announced that he appointed Jalal ad-Din as heir to the throne, because only he could confront the enemy. Summoning the younger sons to obedience, he hung his sword on the belt of Jalal ad-Din.