What languages are apart of the Indo-European?

What languages are apart of the Indo-European?

It consists of numerous Indo-Iranian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, and Farsi (Persian); Greek; Baltic languages such as Lithuanian and Latvian; Celtic languages such as Breton, Welsh, and Scottish and Irish Gaelic; Romance languages such as French, Spanish, Catalan, and Italian; Germanic languagessuch as German …

What are the 5 most spoken languages in the Indo-European family?

Today, the most populous individual languages are Spanish, English, Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu), Portuguese, Bengali, Russian and Persian, each with over 100 million native speakers. However, many other Indo-European languages are small and in danger of extinction: Cornish, for instance, has fewer than 600 speakers.

What do Indo-European languages have in common?

The chief reason for grouping the Indo-European languages together is that they share a number of items of basic vocabulary, including grammatical affixes, whose shapes in the different languages can be related to one another by statable phonetic rules.

How are Indo-European languages related to each other?

A key piece of their evidence is that proto-Indo-European had a vocabulary for chariots and wagons that included words for “wheel,” “axle,” “harness-pole” and “to go or convey in a vehicle.” These words have numerous descendants in the Indo-European daughter languages.

How is the Indo-European language family tree determined?

Indo-European language family tree based on “Ancestry-constrained phylogenetic analysis of Indo-European languages” by Chang et al Membership of languages in the Indo-European language family is determined by genealogical relationships, meaning that all members are presumed descendants of a common ancestor, Proto-Indo-European .

When did Thomas Young first use the term Indo-European?

Thomas Young first used the term Indo-European in 1813, deriving from the geographical extremes of the language family: from Western Europe to North India.

When did the Anatolian branch of Indo-European language separate?

The Anatolian branch of Indo-European language appears to have separated from the rest around 3500 BC; it retained many archaic features which were lost among the other branches of Indo-European, indicating a clear separation between the two branches at this time (south and north).