What is the most common cause of secondary hypertension in children?

What is the most common cause of secondary hypertension in children?

Renal disease is the most common cause of secondary hypertension in children.

What is the most common cause of secondary hypertension?

The prevalence and potential etiologies of secondary hypertension vary by age. The most common causes in children are renal parenchymal disease and coarctation of the aorta. In adults 65 years and older, atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, renal failure, and hypothyroidism are common causes.

What conditions cause secondary hypertension?

Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure caused by another condition or disease. Conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include kidney disease, adrenal disease, thyroid problems and obstructive sleep apnea.

Is hypertension a secondary diagnosis?

Secondary hypertension is elevated blood pressure that results from an underlying, identifiable, often correctable cause. Only about 5 to 10 percent of hypertension cases are thought to result from secondary causes.

How do you rule out secondary hypertension?

To diagnose secondary hypertension, your doctor will first take a blood pressure reading using an inflatable cuff, just as your blood pressure is measured during a typical doctor’s appointment. Your doctor may not diagnose secondary hypertension based on only one higher than normal blood pressure reading.

How is pediatric hypertension treated?

Currently recommended agents for the treatment of hypertension in pediatric patients include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers (BBs), calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and diuretics.

Can stress cause secondary hypertension?

Your body produces a surge of hormones when you’re in a stressful situation. These hormones temporarily increase your blood pressure by causing your heart to beat faster and your blood vessels to narrow. There’s no proof that stress by itself causes long-term high blood pressure.

Does secondary hypertension go away?

Treatment for secondary hypertension involves treating the underlying medical condition with medications or surgery. Once the underlying condition is treated, your blood pressure might decrease or return to normal.

How common is secondary hypertension?

Approximately 5 to 10 percent of adults with hypertension have a secondary cause. In young adults, particularly women, renal artery stenosis caused by fibromuscular dysplasia is one of the most common secondary etiologies.

How do you test for secondary hypertension?

When do you treat hypertension in children?

Lifestyle changes are recommended for children with hypertension (defined as blood pressure >95th percentile) or those with elevated blood pressure (defined as blood pressure >90th to the 95th percentile or if blood pressure exceeds 120/80 mmHg in adolescents 13 years or older).

What percentage of children have high blood pressure?

How is blood pressure measured in kids? Around 3.5 percent of children are found to have high blood pressure,” Dr. Bhurtel says. “The new guidelines outline the standards for detection and management of high blood pressure in children between 0-18 years of age.

What are the differential diagnoses for pediatric hypertension?

Differential diagnosis 1 Coarctation of the aorta. 2 Renal vein thrombosis. 3 Renal artery stenosis. 4 Renovascular hypertension. 5 Renal parenchymal disease. 6 (more items)

What are the symptoms of secondary hypertension in children?

Pediatric hypertension is often asymptomatic, but some common symptoms may include headache, nosebleeds, irritability, and impaired academic and athletic performances. Secondary hypertension may present with signs and symptoms of the underlying disease.

How to diagnose secondary hypertension in older adults?

These same imaging modalities can be used to detect atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, a major cause of secondary hypertension in older adults. In middle-aged adults, aldosteronism is the most common secondary cause of hypertension, and the recommended initial diagnostic test is an aldosterone/renin ratio.

Can a differential diagnose of hypertension be dangerous?

Hypertension Differential Diagnosis. One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that it may be asymptomatic. The early stages of hypertension may present with no clinical manifestations other than elevated blood pressure.