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What is a concept ontology?

What is a concept ontology?

Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level.

What is ontology and its different types?

“…an ontology is a formal naming and definition of the types, properties, and interrelationships of the entities that really or fundamentally exist for a particular domain of discourse. “An ontology is a formal, explicit specification of a shared conceptualization.”

What is software engineering ontology?

Software engineering ontology presents explicit assumptions concerning the objects referring to the domain knowledge of software development.

What are the main components of ontology?

The main components of an ontology are concepts, relations, instances and axioms. A concept represents a set or class of entities or `things’ within a domain. Protein is a concept within the domain of molecular biology.

What does ontology engineering mean in Computer Science?

In computer science, information science and systems engineering, ontology engineering is a field which studies the methods and methodologies for building ontologies, which encompasses a representation, formal naming and definition of the categories, properties and relations between the concepts, data and entities.

Which is the most successful ontology in life sciences?

Recently, an automated method was introduced for engineering ontologies in life sciences such as Gene Ontology (GO), one of the most successful and widely used biomedical ontology. Based on information theory, it restructures ontologies so that the levels represent the desired specificity of the concepts.

How is the structure of an ontology changed?

The structure of an ontology needs to be changed continuously so that it is an accurate representation of the underlying domain . Recently, an automated method was introduced for engineering ontologies in life sciences such as Gene Ontology (GO), one of the most successful and widely used biomedical ontology.

Which is the language for making ontological statements?

OWL is a language for making ontological statements, developed as a follow-on from RDF and RDFS, as well as earlier ontology language projects including OIL, DAML and DAML+OIL. OWL is intended to be used over the World Wide Web, and all its elements (classes, properties and individuals) are defined as RDF resources, and identified by URIs.