What features of a castle were important and why?

What features of a castle were important and why?

A castle was built to withstand attack from enemy. Castle builders added many defensive features to make their castles difficult to attack. Many castles were built on high ground with clear views of the surrounding land. Attackers were easy to shoot whilst swimming or rowing across the moats filled with water.

What makes up a castle?

And now the Oxford English Dictionary defines a castle as ‘a large building, typically of the medieval period, fortified against attack with thick walls, battlements, towers, and often a moat’. So here’s our first answer: a castle can be defined as being architecturally prepared for battle.

What are five parts of a castle?

There were various medieval castle parts that made up a castle which included moats, ramparts, walls, turrets, towers, look outs, and gatehouse.

What defensive features are on a castle?

Castle Defenses Towers. These tall, round or square structures were built into the length or corners of the castle walls. Gatehouses, Drawbridges and Barbicans. Gatehouses were inside the wall and connected with the bridge over the moat, but they were more than just doorways. Inner Walls and Towers. Bailey or Ward.

What are the defensive features of a medieval castle?

Medieval Castle Defence: Defending a Castle The Outer Curtain Wall. The ‘curtain wall’ was the vast stone wall which wrapped around the outside of a castle. Moats and Water Defences. Turrets, Towers, and Look Out Points. Machicolations. The Gatehouse. The Drawbridge. The Barbican. Some Incredibly Strong Examples of Medieval Castle Defence.

What are the features of stone castle?

Most outer walls had battlements on top, like: Crenellations: Rectangular blocks alternated with openings across the top of a wall or tower. Walkways: Some walls had walkways built into the stone, while others had wooden walkways on the inside of the wall where soldiers could stand guard and defend the walls during Hoardings: Covered wooden overhangs that ran along the top of a wall.

What are the top of the castle walls called?

Battlements: This is another name for the crenellations. It can also considered to be the whole top part of the castle wall including the wall walk, crenels and merlons. Think “Battle Stations”. Crenellations: This is the top of the wall.