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What are the major nutritional problems of developing countries?

What are the major nutritional problems of developing countries?

Major nutritional problems include: 1) Maternal nutritional anemia; 2) protein energy malnutrition; 3) vitamin A deficiency; 4) lactation failure; 5) addiction to milk feeding; and 6) inadequate preparation and use of artificial milk products.

Why is malnutrition a problem in developing countries?

The high prevalence of bacterial and parasitic diseases in developing countries contributes greatly to malnutrition there. Similarly, malnutrition increases one’s susceptibility to and severity of infections, and is thus a major component of illness and death from disease.

What is the current status of nutrition in India?

India has the largest number of malnourished children in the world and one third of all the stunted children globally. The low levels of under nutrition, coupled with increasing levels of over nutrition, causing double burden of malnutrition.

What is the leading cause of malnutrition in the developing world?

Lack of food is the most cause of malnutrition in the poorer and developing countries.

What are the four nutritional problems in India?

India is a developing country. There are many nutrition problems in communities. The major nutritional problems are protein energy mal-nutrition, Vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency (anemia) and iodine disorders.

How can we prevent nutritional problems in India?

Several interventions have been found helpful to tackle this condition such as reducing low birth weight by ensuring better maternal nutrition, encouraging breastfeeding, use of clean purified water, better hygiene, introducing nutrient dense foods, ensuring sufficient amount of protein and use of therapeutic food.

What countries suffer from protein deficiency?

Protein is an important part of a basic diet, but an estimated one billion people worldwide suffer from protein deficiency. The problem is most severe in Central Africa and South Asia, where about 30 percent of children consume too little protein.

What are the 4 types of malnutrition?

There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. Undernutrition makes children in particular much more vulnerable to disease and death.

What are the main nutritional problems in India?

COMMON NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS IN INDIA. India is a developing country. There are many nutrition problems in communities. The major nutritional problems are protein energy mal-nutrition, Vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency (anemia) and iodine disorders.

What is India’s nutrition problem?

The common nutritional deficiencies in India are Protein energy malnutrition (PEM), anaemia, iodine deficiency disorder, Vitamin A deficiency and vitamin D deficiency.

What is PEM disease?

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common childhood disorder and is primarily caused by deficiency of energy, protein, and micronutrients. PEM manifests as underweight (low body weight compared with healthy peers), stunting (poor linear growth), wasting (acute weight loss), or edematous malnutrition (kwashiorkor).

How is health and nutrition improving in developing countries?

Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underlying social, economic, and health environments.

Who is at risk of nutritional problems in India?

NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION (PEM) MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCY CHRONIC DISEASES EATING DISORDERS 13. NUTRITION PROBLEMS IN INDIA WHO IS AT RISK??  PREGNANT WOMEN  LACTATING WOMEN  INFANTS  PRESCHOOL CHILDREN  ADOLESCENT GIRLS  ELDERLY .

All forms of malnutrition’s broad spectrum are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and economic costs, particularly in countries where both under- and overnutrition co-exist as is the case in developing countries undergoing rapid transition in nutrition and life-style.

Which is the most common nutritional disorder in developing countries?

Kwashiorkor is the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in developing countries. It is a form of malnutrition caused by not getting enough protein in the diet. 18. • Marasmus is a severe form of malnutrition that consists of the chronic wasting away of fat, muscle, and other tissues in the body.