# How do you calculate a birdsmouth cut?

## How do you calculate a birdsmouth cut?

Making the Seat & Heel and Tail Cut On the rafter, you want to cut, measure its overall depth, and divide it by 3. Using this figure, measure and mark two points on each side of the vertical line, which indicates where the birdsmouth will be cut.

## How much can you bird’s mouth a rafter?

As a rule of thumb a birds mouth notch on a rafter should be no less than one third of the timber width and no more than half.

## What do we call a bird’s mouth?

beak noun [C] (BIRD’S MOUTH) the hard, pointed part of a bird’s mouth: Birds use their beaks to pick up food.

## What is a plumb cut?

: a cut in a vertical plane especially : the top cut face of a rafter that is designed to butt vertically against a ridgeboard — compare seat cut.

## Is birdsmouth cut necessary?

A lot of force is transferred down the length of the rafter, and the seat cut on the birdsmouth transfers that force directly to the top plate. In general, while the ripped-strip installation does eliminate the need to make two cuts for the birdsmouth, it’s debatable whether there are any real labor savings.

## How deep can you cut a birdsmouth?

Before we start marking or cutting anything you have to be aware of that fact that your birdsmouth should be no more than a 1/3 (one third) the total depth of the timber you are using. For example, if you are using 6 x 2 timbers, the birdsmouth should be no greater than 2 inches deep.

## How big should birdsmouth cut be?

When rafters are gang cut, the saw’s cutting capacity helps determine birdsmouth dimensions; a 10 1/4-inch Big Foot saw is capable of making a 3-inch seat cut, which is suitable for a wide range of roof pitches and rafter sizes.

## What degree is a 4/12 pitch?

approximately 18.4 degrees
Roofs with a pitch of 4/12 are approximately 18.4 degrees, depending on how exact you’d like to be in your measurement. Check out our roof angle chart for more examples of the exact angles (expressed in degrees) of common roof pitches.

## What to consider when cutting a birdsmouth joint?

One of the most important points to consider when cutting this type of joint is to make sure it’s cut correctly. By this we mean that once the joint is cut and the rafter has been fitted, the seat cut of the birdsmouth should sit on top of the wallplate timber and none of it should overhang the timber itself.

## What can a birds mouth joint be used for?

Birdsmouth Joint Fixing to Rafters and Joists. A birdsmouth joint is one which looks just like a birds mouth! No magic there then! Its two main uses in the building industry are for the fixing of straining posts to upright posts when a fence needs extra support (See our project on chain link fencing) and sitting roofing rafters onto a wall plate.

## What does it mean to cut birds beak joint?

A birdsmouth joint is a triangle-shaped notch, or groove cut into a rafter, allowing it to sit at the correct angle on top of a supporting timber, stud, or wall. This joint is also called a bird’s beak joint or a bird’s beak cut. Think about it this way. You’ve got a stud standing upright.

## Where does the seat cut go on a birdsmouth?

By this we mean that once the joint is cut and the rafter has been fitted, the seat cut of the birdsmouth should sit on top of the wallplate timber and none of it should overhang the timber itself. If there is an overhang then this will be an unsupported weak point that could easily split along the grain of the timber.