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Why was West Virginia important to the Union?

Why was West Virginia important to the Union?

The U.S. state of West Virginia was formed out of western Virginia and added to the Union as a direct result of the American Civil War (see History of West Virginia), in which it became the only modern state to have declared its independence from the Confederacy.

Was WV Union or Confederate?

From that moment on the statehood movement was on and on June 20, 1863, West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union. Some 50,000 West Virginians are believed to have participated in the American Civil War, including 32,000 for then Union and 18,000 for the Confederacy.

Who were the unions during the Civil War?

During the American Civil War, the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States, governed by the U.S. federal government led by President Abraham Lincoln. It was opposed by the secessionist Confederate States of America (CSA), informally called “the Confederacy” or “the South”.

Why was the Union important in the Civil War?

The Union opposed slavery, but originally was fighting the Civil War simply to keep the nation intact. Ultimately, the extra lands, industry, and transportation systems of the Union provided them an advantage over the South, leading to a Union victory at the end of the war.

Why was West Virginia created as a state?

West Virginia was born out of sectional differences during the Civil War. The schism that split the United States in two during the Civil War did the same to Virginia. From the state’s earliest days, slave-holding plantation owners in the eastern part of Virginia dominated the state’s economy…

Who was president of West Virginia during the Civil War?

West of the Alleghenies, two future United States presidents were fighting in what is now southern West Virginia. On May 1, as Union troops neared, Confederates set fire to the town of Princeton. Union troops under Colonel Rutherford B. Hayes, including Lieutenant William McKinley, managed to save part of the town.

When did West Virginia secede from the Confederacy?

On this date in 1861, West Virginia began the Secessionist Convention that would result in its breaking away from the Confederate state of Virginia, the only state to form by seceding from a Confederate state and one of three states to secede from another state. It was a key Civil War “border state.”

How many West Virginians fought in the Civil War?

In 1995 the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War began a soldier-by-soldier count of all regiments that would include West Virginians, both Union and Confederate. They concluded that West Virginia contributed approximately 20,000-22,000 men each to both the Union and Confederate governments.