What type of fracture is Galeazzi?

What type of fracture is Galeazzi?

A Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the middle to distal third of the radius associated with dislocation or subluxation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ).

How many types of Galeazzi fractures are there?

Galeazzi Fractures

OTA classification of radius/ulna
22-A2.3 Radius/ulna, diaphyseal, simple fracture of radius with dislocation of DRUJ
22-B2.3 Radius/ulna, diaphyseal, wedge fracture of radius with dislocation of DRUJ
22-B3.3 Radius/ulna, diaphyseal, wedge of both bones with dislocation of DRUJ

Where is a Galeazzi fracture?

A Galeazzi fracture-dislocation is a fracture of the distal third of the shaft of the radius with a disruption to the DRUJ.

How does a Galeazzi fracture occur?

One of the main causes of a Galeazzi fracture is falling. A person who stretches out an arm for protection before hitting the ground risks breaking a bone in the wrist or arm. The impact can also cause the ulna to become dislocated. Any kind of blunt trauma, such as a car accident, can cause a Galeazzi fracture.

What is a Pott’s fracture?

Mechanism of Injury / Pathological Process A Pott’s fracture is a fracture affecting one or both of the malleoli. During activities such as landing from a jump (volleyball, basketball) or when rolling an ankle, a certain amount of stress is placed on the tibia and fibula and the ankle joint.

How is a Galeazzi fracture treated?

Galeazzi fractures are best treated with open reduction of the radius and the DRUJ; closed reduction and cast application have led to unsatisfactory results. As a “fracture of necessity,” the adult Galeazzi fracture is not amenable to treatment by closed means, necessitating surgical stabilization.

Why is it called chauffeur’s fracture?

It was originally named by British surgeon Jonathan Hutchinson (1828-1913). Its other names derive from the typical occupation of people who sustained this injury due to direct trauma from starting a car with a crank. It is also known as backfire fracture or lorry driver fracture 1.

What is Rolando fracture?

Rolando fracture is a three-part or comminuted intra-articular fracture-dislocation of the base of the thumb (proximal first metacarpal). It can be thought of as a comminuted Bennett fracture.

Where is a Potts fracture?

Patients with a Pott’s fracture typically experience a sudden sharp and intense pain around the ankle or lower leg immediately at the time of injury. The pain is situated at the front, back, inner or outer part of the ankle or lower leg. The patient may have heard a “crack” as well.

How old is the woman with the Galeazzi fracture?

Perform open reduction and internal fixation of the radius, then assess the distal radioulnar joint for instability, and percutaneously fix the distal radioulnar joint if instability persists. (OBQ10.117) A 42-year-old female sustains the injury shown in Figure A.

How to diagnose a Galeazzi fracture dislocation?

Galeazzi fracture-dislocation 1 Mechanism. Typically, Galeazzi fracture-dislocations occur due to a fall on an outstretched hand (FOOSH) with the elbow in flexion. 2 Radiographic features. A forearm series is usually sufficient for diagnosis and management planning. 3 Treatment and prognosis.

Is the Galeazzi fracture the same as the Piedmont fracture?

First described in 1934 by Italian orthopedic surgeon Riccardo Galeazzi (1866-1952) 1,2. Many people consider the Galeazzi and Piedmont fractures as the same injury. However, some state that the latter is an isolated radial fracture without distal radioulnar dissociation. The Piedmont fracture was so named by the Piedmont Orthopedic Society. 1.

Is there such a thing as a dental fracture?

Dental fractures are often clinically apparent but can be overlooked in cases with associated facial fractures, especially as root fractures may be clinically occult. When both a tooth and alveolar process are fractured, the term dentoalveolar fracture can be used 1 .