What happened in October 1973 in the Middle East?

What happened in October 1973 in the Middle East?

The Yom Kippur War, also known as the Ramadan War, the October War, the 1973 Arab–Israeli War or the Fourth Arab–Israeli War, was an armed conflict fought from 6 to 25 October 1973 between Israel and a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria.

What happened as a result of the October Yom Kippur War in 1973?

1973 Yom Kippur War: Background Egypt lost the 23,500-square-mile Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, Jordan lost the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and Syria lost the strategic Golan Heights.

Who won 1973 Israel war?

Aftermath of the war Both the Arabs and Israel declared victory in the war. The Arab countries managed to salvage their defeats after repeated losses in the 1948, 1956 and 1967 wars with Israel. Within four years, in 1977, Sadat was in Jerusalem giving a speech of peace to the Israeli parliament, the Knesset.

When did Egypt and Syria attack Israel in 1973?

And, unlike 1967, she did not feel Israel could afford to go it alone. On October 6, 1973 — Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar (and during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan) — Egypt and Syria launched a coordinated surprise attack against Israel. The equivalent of the total forces of NATO in Europe was mobilized on Israel’s borders.

What was the war between Israel and the PLO in 1982?

1982: Lebanon War. On June 5, 1982, less than six weeks after Israel’s complete withdrawal from the Sinai, increased tensions between Israelis and Palestinians resulted in the Israeli bombing of Beirut and southern Lebanon, where the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) had a number of strongholds.

Who was the Prime Minister of Israel in 1974?

Israel’s victory came at the cost of heavy casualties, and Israelis criticized the government’s lack of preparedness. In April 1974, the nation’s prime minister, Golda Meir (1898-1978), stepped down.

What was the last straw for OPEC in 1973?

For OPEC, the last straw came when the United States supported Israel against Egypt in the Yom Kippur War. On October 19, 1973, Nixon requested $2.2 billion from Congress in emergency military aid for Israel.