What does anti-HAV IgG positive mean?

What does anti-HAV IgG positive mean?

The presence of anti-HAV (IgG or IgM) in human serum or plasma is indicative of past or present infection with hepatitis A virus (HAV) or vaccination against HAV. The test for total anti-HAV is primarily used to determine exposure to HAV either naturally or due to vaccination.

What is anti-HAV IgM test?

Hepatitis A immunoglobulin M (IgM anti-HAV) antibody test: When a person is first infected with hepatitis A, the body produces IgM anti-HAV antibodies. These antibodies are usually detectable from two weeks after symptoms begin to around six months later.

What does a positive hepatitis A IgM mean?

Positive results indicate acute or recent (<6 months) hepatitis A infection. As required by laws in almost all states, positive anti-HAV IgM test results must be urgently reported to state health departments for epidemiologic investigations of possible outbreak transmission.

When to use anti-HAV IgG for hepatitis A?

Anti-HAV IgM is useful for the serological diagnosis of acute-phase Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. Anti-HAV IgG is an indicator of successful HAV vaccination or indicator of prior HAV exposure. Clinical Information Hepatitis A characteristically is an acute, self-limited illness associated with fever, malaise, jaundice, anorexia, and nausea.

What does it mean if your IgM is positive for HEP a?

Hepatitis A IgG/IgM. About 30% of North American adults over the age of 40 are positive for HAV-Ab total. A negative HAV Ab Total test means there has been no prior exposure to the virus and the hepatitis A vaccination should be administered. A positive IgM test suggests acute or very recent hepatitis A.

When does HAV specific IgG antibody fall to undetectable?

HAV-specific IgM antibody level in serum usually falls to an undetectable level by 6 months after acute infection. HAV-specific IgG antibody level in serum rises quickly once the virus is cleared and may persist for many years. Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results.

What kind of anticuerpo contra la hepatitis A?

El sistema inmunitario produce anticuerpos IgM cuando contrae por primera vez una infección por VHA. Desde el momento en que contrae la infección, puede tardar de 14 a 50 días en presentar síntomas de hepatitis A. El tiempo promedio en que aparecen los síntomas después del momento de la infección es de 30 días.