What did the Viking 1 and 2 discover?

What did the Viking 1 and 2 discover?

NASA’s Viking Project found a place in history when it became the first U.S. mission to land a spacecraft safely on the surface of Mars and return images of the surface. Two identical spacecraft, each consisting of a lander and an orbiter, were built.

What did Viking 2 discover?

While neither spacecraft found traces of life, they did find all the elements essential to life on Earth: carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and phosphorus.

What did Viking 1 discover?

While it found no traces of life, Viking 1 did help better characterize Mars as a cold planet with volcanic soil, a thin, dry carbon dioxide atmosphere and strking evidence for ancient river beds and vast flooding.

When did Viking 1 and 2 launch?

On July 20, 1976 the Viking 1 Lander separated from the Orbiter and touched down at Chryse Planitia (22.27° N, 312.05° E, planetocentric). Viking 2 was launched September 9, 1975 and entered Mars orbit on August 7, 1976.

What do Vikings discover?

According to later Icelandic histories, some of the early Viking settlers in Greenland (supposedly led by the Viking hero Leif Eriksson, son of Erik the Red) may have become the first Europeans to discover and explore North America.

How did the Vikings discover America?

The Vikings are well known to have been adept seafarers, using the sun and the stars to help pick their way across open stretches of ocean away from the coastline. It is thought the Vikings first discovered America by accident in the autumn of 986AD, according to one historical source, the Saga of the Greenlanders .

Did Viking’s discover North America?

The Vikings discovered America most likely by accident . According to the Icelandic sagas, in 985 AD a Viking fleet lead by a merchant named Bjarni Herjolfsson was blown off course while sailing from Iceland to Greenland. A few days later they spotted the North American coastline.

Where were Vikings found?

Vikings (from Old Norse Víkingr) were seafaring northern Germanic people who raided, traded, explored, and settled in wide areas of Europe, Asia, and the North Atlantic islands from the late 8th to the mid-11th centuries. The proper ethnic term of the people to whom the Vikings belonged to is the Norse.